Plastic waste has become a serious environmental threat globally with grave impacts on developing countries. In 2018, China banned the import of 24 types of solid waste including plastics in effort to clean up their environment.
That year, Malaysia became the world’s top destination for plastic waste exports, importing more than 850,000 tonnes of plastic waste. Non-recyclable municipal waste from developed countries was also found dumped in the country. These led to a sharp rise in illegal recycling facilities and cases of indiscriminate burning and dumping, causing land, water, and air pollution that affected communities nationwide.
C4 Center conducted research from November 2019 to March 2021 to examine how massive amounts of plastic waste were brought into Malaysia and processed illegally, seemingly with ease. Research findings are presented in a special report, with policy briefs and webinars focusing on key areas.