C4 Center Project: Malaysia is not a “Garbage Dump”

Plastic waste has become a serious environmental threat globally with grave impacts on developing countries. In 2018, China banned the import of 24 types of solid waste including plastics in effort to clean up their environment. 

That year, Malaysia became the world’s top destination for plastic waste exports, importing more than 850,000 tonnes of plastic waste. Non-recyclable municipal waste from developed countries was also found dumped in the country. These led to a sharp rise in illegal recycling facilities and cases of indiscriminate burning and dumping, causing land, water, and air pollution that affected communities nationwide.  

C4 Center conducted research from November 2019 to March 2021 to examine how massive amounts of plastic waste were brought into Malaysia and processed illegally, seemingly with ease. Research findings are presented in a special report, with policy briefs and webinars focusing on key areas.

Press Release

More transparency, stringency needed to preserve human rights and environment from plastic waste imports

C4 Center Report

Executive Summary
Malaysia is Not a “Garbage Dump”: Citizens Against Corruption, Complacency, Crime, and Climate Crisis

Briefing Papers

C4 Center Brief No. 1: Good Governance and the Global Plastic Waste Trade

C4 Center Brief No. 2: Counting the Costs for Human Rights and the Environment


Webinar & Report Launch (16 March 2021) – Malaysia is not a “Garbage Dump” – by C4 Center & Sahabat Alam Malaysia (SAM)


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All publications by C4 Center are downloadable for free. Much resources and funds have been put into ensuring that we conduct cutting edge research work for these issues to be brought to the attention of the general public, authorities, as well as public policymakers and lawmakers. If you like our work, please do consider supporting us by donating to us. Your financial support will go a long way in ensuring that we can continue fighting for a clean, and better, Malaysia.